Clinical examination may shows signs such as joint swelling and discomfort on movement of the elbow joint. Diagnosis of elbow dysplasia is important in deciding which treatment option. X-rays are a good starting point but many X-rays are normal. Sometimes a CT scan and/or arthroscopy (camera in the joint) are needed to confirm the problem.
Sometimes there can be a loose fragment of cartilage in the joint. This can be removed by arthroscopy. Some dogs may need more involved surgeries. Some of these dogs are good candidates for stem cells and regenerative medicine.
All dogs whether they have surgery or not, will go through a comprehensive physiotherapy program including laser, hydrotherapy, exercise and dietary advice to mention just a few techniques.